SOLLER BOTANICAL GARDEN
The students of AFD21 began the new year going on an amazing trip to the Botanical Garden of Soller.
The monitor explained us the different types of habitats that are localized on the Balearic islands; there are more habitats in the garden than in the island, but they focused on Balearic plants such as the typical vegetation of the Sierra, the sandy areas or the rocky coastline, among others.
The Botanic Garden´s monitor taught us how they work and how they organize the Garden and proposed a series of activities in small groups that allowed us to understand and expand our knowledge about the Balearic flora and its unique characteristics. For example, autochthonous plant, differences, etc.
What is a botanical garden?
It´s an institution that dedicates to maintain a collection of alive plants. This allows to investigate, preserve and divulgate them. Specifically, the Botanic garden of Soller was founded in 1992.
What’s a habitat?
A habitat is a part of the biosphere with specific ambiental conditions that usually has some species in particular.
1) Collection of alive plants. A part of the garden is opened to the public.
The groups of alive plants are:
- Wild flora:
Other types of plants from the Mediterranean countries.
- Ethnobotany flora: Science of orchard plants.
2) Seed bank: Here they keep on the seeds at -18 degrees in order to reduce the humidity and produce a longer life of the seeds.
Furthermore, one of their activities is to exchange different kind of seeds with other botanic garden instutions.
3) Herbalist: In orden to maintain pieces of different variety of plants, killing all the bacteries, they give them a cold blow. There are more than 10, 000 pieces. Some of them were dated 250 years ago.
4) Progradation area: Botanist and gardeners make proofs of germination to replant it.
5) Library: Open to their members and even to the public in general.